If You Observe a Possible Environmental Violation & Questions About Injured Wildlife.



In response to calls we receive from citizens inquiring about possible environmental violations, we have posted the information most often requested by citizens (shown below) as a community service. Your tax dollars pay for regulatory programs on the county, state, and federal levels that insure our relatively high quality of life. (Whether or not these programs do this effectively is another topic). If you think an environmental violation is in progress, you should avail yourself of these programs, again, because your taxes pay for them (for now). Ask for the “enforcement” division within these agencies.

They will need SPECIFIC information including a parcel number (APN), specific location, address, and nature of the violation. They may also request photographs. The more specific the information, the better. Most agencies allow you to report anonymously and/or they may at least need your contact information. With budget cuts, most environmental regulators have far more to do than they can handle so you may need to be patient. We offer assistance if you file a complaint and need help however each project is different so it depends on the need for each project. If more extensive remedy is required, such as habitat restoration, continuous site visits, long-term assistance, we do have to charge for our time. 

The information below lists agencies for the Western Nevada County and Central Valley regions only. It is for guidance only. The list of types of violations and agencies is not comprehensive.

For possible Water Quality Violations in the Western Nevada County foothills/Central Valley geographic area, including severe erosion/sedimentation into a creek, lake, wetland, or illegal fills, it’s best to contact your County Code Enforcement Office in addition to any other agencies.

Your County Code Enforcement Office

Click on each agency’s name listed below to go their current website. (Feel free to let us know re. probs w/links).


The CA Central Valley Waterboard

State Water Resources Control Board-Water Rights Enforcement

CalTip-CDFW.Turn in Poachers and Polluters here and/or
call: 1-888-334-2258 (CALTIP)

California Department of Fish and Wildlife for destruction of wetland/riparian habitats.

Impacts to CDFW State Protected Species click here.
CDFW Nongame Programs.

California Department of Pesticide Regulation

You can also report possible violations to California EPA.
EPA Complaint Form click here.

State Air Resources Board
Nevada County Local Air Quality Office


Federal-Army Corps of Engineers Sacramento Office

For possible federal endangered species violations, contact the USFWS

Federal EPA Enforcement.


It is illegal to hold any wild animal in California in captivity without permits from CDFW/USFWS/NMFS especially if you do not know what you are doing however good your intentions. Wildlife are not pets.

If you find an animal and it is fully ambulatory, the best thing is to leave it alone.

I get the occasional call from someone who has found a nearly fledged baby bird. If they can hop and even partially fly, leave them alone.

Then there is the fledgling that is one to two weeks away from fully fledging (being able to escape predators successfully/feed itself)–this is a conundrum, I admit. Regarding younger birds, the wise tale that you cannot touch a bird or its nest is a very functional one for protecting birds but it is not true. While some may say transport the almost juvenile bird to a wildlife center or take it inside for care, based on experience, I disagree. I believe not only is the baby bird traumatized by removal but so are the parental birds. Based on this, I am strongly inclined to say let Mother Nature work it out; but if the bird is obviously in need of some supplemental care and you can give a fledgling bird full attention, the following process has worked well in the past and does not remove the baby bird from the parent–you are just protecting the bird while it grows a little more and the parents are still actively involved. I call this the “cat solution”. I live in a neighborhood with cats and I know a rambling fledgling bird that cannot yet leave the ground does not have a hope in hell with roaming cats around (not to mention wildlife predators). I have used this approach in the past with success. It should only be used when you feel stuck on what to do. It is NOT a regular practice AT ALL. Keep in mind too, I am a trained biologist and have been in the profession for over 20 years:

For near full fledglings that are just a week or two from flying off, I have fledged baby birds with the help of the parents. (You can try putting the bird back in the nest but my experience is it just ends up out of the nest again–on the ground. It’s instinct is to LEAVE the nest). During the day, I place the baby bird(s)in a baby pool IN THE SHADE as close to where they were found as possible. Baby pools are open enough that the parents can approach the fledgling but high enough to keep the fledgling in. I put their fallen nest (if there is one), some kind of cover over the bottom so they don’t slide all over, and a small bowl of water in the pool. If the baby bird is vocal (and hope that it is), the parent birds respond to the “peeps” of the young bird and will almost always continue to care and feed them (If they do not, they may have kicked a cowbird or another species out of the nest or the fledgling may be sick…you have to trust their instincts at this point. I will address this later). Once the parents take over, KEEP YOUR DISTANCE. Watch from afar. Do not interfere. If you interfere too much, they may abandon the chick. Respect the parents and let them do their thing. I have an advantage in that my balcony sits above my oak woodland. I can keep an eye on things without interfering. (It is a fascinating and beautiful thing to observe, I must admit). At night, to prevent predation, I bring the baby bird inside, in a box or cage, and place it in a safe quiet ventilated room, say the bathroom with the window open. In the morning, I put the baby back out for the parents to care for. This has worked out beautifully when the baby bird is near fledging. One day, the fledgling bird just flies up to a tree and your part is done. Again, you have to be able to insure the bird is safe from predators (cats) during the day. It’s an option if you feel stuck and are not sure what to do with a nearly full-fledged bird. Again, you are not removing the bird from it parents or its home, the parents stay actively involved, and you help Mother Nature finish the job. This has to be your objective—NOT to turn the baby bird into a pet.

 Success! Pacific slope flycatcher.  What had to be first-time parents built a nest in the rafters of my garage. I put a soft chair under the nest for their inevitable falling out of it. This is the last of three I helped the parents fledge. Eventually he/she worked his/her way to a higher branch and the parents took over full-time.
Success! Pacific slope flycatcher. What had to be first-time parents built a nest in the rafters of my garage. I put a soft chair under the nest for their inevitable falling out of it. This is the last of three I helped the parents fledge. Eventually he/she worked his/her way to a higher branch and the parents took over full-time.

A few years ago, I found a fledgling on the ground. I put it back in the nest and as I expected found it on the ground again. I used the baby pool and watched. Despite the peeps from the fledging, the parents did NOT respond. The bird died later in the day. I saw the wisdom of the parents in that I think they knew what they were doing in not responding. The may have kicked the chick out because it was not healthy.

Now on to if the “Cat Solution” does not work after a day or two: call the nearest wildlife rehabilitation center and turn the fledgling into them to finish the process. If the bird can be released in the same area it was found in, this is ideal.

Other things to consider: birds carry diseases, mites, etc. Minimize your contact with baby birds, again, unless you are a trained wildlife rehabber’ and know what you are doing. Again, the solution above is if you get stuck and is in the interest of the welfare of the parents and baby birds. It keeps the parents in charge, keeps the birds in their home/habitat, and is the least invasive of practices.

If you find wildlife definitely in need of care, Western Nevada County has a Wildlife Rehabilitation Center. you can contact: Nevada County Wildlife Rehabilitation and Release This is mostly a volunteer organization so please keep this in mind. They are always looking for volunteers including folks that do not want to/cannot care for wildlife but can help in other ways, such as animal transport. If you cannot donate time, keep them in mind when considering worthy charities to donate to. I consider these folks the quiet heroes of our community and thank them dearly for what they do.

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